√ [Lengkap] 2 Dimensional Art: Definition, Function, Elements, Principles & Techniques

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What is meant by two-dimensional art? So,

2-dimensional art is a work of art that only has 2 sides (length and width), so it does not have space because it does not have an element of thickness.

In general, two-dimensional art is included in the category of pure art, where this work of art focuses on the expression of the soul.

In contrast to works of applied art, which focuses on the use or benefits as well.

This two-dimensional art has no space because it has neither thickness nor height.

2 Dimensional Art Functions

2 Dimensional Art Functions

This 2-dimensional art, functions as an inner satisfaction and a way of expressing the soul of the artist in a creation, because it prioritizes the value of beauty.

Two-dimensional art or dwimatra art is art whose work is enjoyed in one direction only.

The beauty of this two-dimensional art is really enjoyed and cannot be used as a consumable item.

Let’s read: Examples of 2 Dimensional Art Seni

2D Art Figures

If you want to know who the famous figures are in the world of two-dimensional art.

Well, here are some figures of two-dimensional art, namely:

1. Raden Saleh Sjarif Boestaman

Raden Saleh Sjarif Boestaman

Raden Saleh Sjarif Boestaman is a senior Indonesian fine art artist who was born in Semarang in 1807.

He died in 1880 in Bogor, West Java. His talent has been seen since he was a child, so he was honed and accompanied by a painter of Belgian descent, AAJ Payen.

Under the tutelage of the Belgian painter, Raden Saleh’s painting skills have improved. Many of his works are still being immortalized.

2. Vincent Van Gogh

Vincent Van Gogh

Vincent Van Gogh is one of the greatest and most popular painters in the history of European art.

This artist named Vincent Van Gogh, was born on March 30, 1853 and died on July 29, 1890.

Many of his works are very good and widely known in mainland Europe and even the world. It’s amazing right?

Elements of 2 Dimensional Art

Elements of 2 Dimensional Art

Following below, there are some elements of two-dimensional art, including:

1. Point

The point is the most fundamental element of the two-dimensional art.

The collection of dots will form a line, the dots collected with different colors will create a different sense in 2-dimensional works of art.

2. Line

A line is a collection of points formed by scratching or pulling from one point to another.

Examples: Long, thin, short, thick, curved, straight, wavy or broken.

3. Field

A plane is a collection of lines that form a flat shape.

A collection of fields will form a space, the space here which you know as dimensions such as the dimensions of length and width.

4. Shape

The combination of the elements of the field will create a shape. Form in language means wake (shape) or plastic form (form).

Wake is the shape of objects that are visible to the eye such as round, square, irregular and so on.

5. Color

Color is an important element in a work of art, especially in 2-dimensional art.

Color gives a sense and a message in the work of art that the painter wants to convey, so it is in accordance with the existing picture of reality.

Colors are divided into 5, namely Primary colors (red, yellow, blue), Secondary (Mixed Colors), Tertiary, Analogous, and Complementary.

6. Dark Light

Darkness arises because of the difference in the intensity of light that falls on the surface of an object.

The dark and light elements in this two-dimensional art will give the impression and space or depth.

7. Space and Depth

This element of space and depth is related to the dark and light elements.

Because, by giving a dark and bright impression to a painting such as convex, protruding or far away, it will create a depth that is artificial in nature resulting from the illusion of the eye.

Principles of 2 Dimensional Art

Principles of 2 Dimensional Art

There are several principles in creating two-dimensional art, including the following:

1. Unity (Unity)

That is the principle that all elements in 2-dimensional art work together to form a beautiful composition.

2. Harmony

It is a principle that requires the harmony of the elements of two-dimensional art.

3. Emphasis (Contrast)

That is the principle related to the regular repetition of one or more elements in two-dimensional works of art.

4. Gradation

That is the principle of art related to the arrangement of colors based on a certain level.

5. Proportion (Proportion)

It is a principle related to the order and adjustment of the form of the work of art.

6. Composition

That is the principle related to the arrangement of elements of 2-dimensional art, so that it becomes harmonious and looks attractive.

7. Balance

That is the principle related to the impression on the composition of the elements of a balanced two-dimensional art.

Medium and 2 Dimensional Art Materials

Medium and 2 Dimensional Art Materials

Materials for art work are consumables used to create these works of art.

In accordance with the diversity of types of works of art, the materials for creating this art are also many and varied.

In addition, there is a function as the main ingredient (medium) and there is also a function as a supporting material.

Based on the source of the material and the processing process, materials for creating 2-dimensional art can also be categorized into natural materials and synthetic materials.

Natural raw materials are materials whose basic ingredients come from nature and are processed without chemical processes.


Synthetic materials are natural materials that have been processed through certain industrial or manufacturing processes, so that they become new materials that have new special properties and characters as well.

Based on the nature of the material, the materials for creating this art can also be categorized into soft, hard, liquid and solid materials, and others.

2D Artwork Tool

2D Artwork Tool

There are many types and varieties of art work tools.

When creating 2-dimensional art, there are several main categories of tools, namely tools for drawing, shaping, coloring, and printing (multiplying).

As with the medium, there are tools that are not specifically used in art activities.

But, it is very necessary in art work activities such as cutting tools (scissors or knives), measuring tools, and others.

These tools are supporting to facilitate the process of making works of art.

Advances in technology today, also make the work of art can be assisted or done using a computer.

Even so, it must always be realized that the computer is only a tool.

Artworks or designs that are identical to digital technology, still require a sense of sensitivity that is difficult or even almost impossible to create by computer programs.

Sensitivity to the sense of art or sense of art is a unique and distinctive competence that only humans have.

Usually, every human being has different styles and characteristics from one person to another and this is what makes someone an artist.

2 Dimensional Art Techniques

2 Dimensional Art Techniques

Below, there are several techniques that can be used in two-dimensional art, namely:

Plaque technique is a painting technique using watercolor, acrylic paint, or oil with thick strokes and a thick and concentrated paint composition.

The transparent technique uses the main liquid in the form of watercolors. This technique produces works with thin strokes and tends to be transparent.

Collage technique is a technique by pasting various shapes and paper materials on a pattern or image.

The results of the collage technique tend to be realistic and abstract.

The 3M technique stands for Folding, Cutting and Sticking.

This technique can manipulate sheets of paper into a three-dimensional work.

The block technique is a drawing technique by covering the image object using one color, so only the global picture or silhouette is visible.

Linear technique is a technique of using several arranged lines to convey the message of the painter, so that it can be enjoyed by many people.

The shading technique is the basic technique used to draw or paint using a pen or pencil.

This technique is used to cover objects with smooth lines, making parallel or crossed lines appear.

Aquarel technique is not much different from transparent technique.

This technique uses watercolor with thin strokes to cover the object of the image.

A well-known painting technique using a combination of dot color and size.

The mosaic technique is a technique of sticking pieces of paper or cloth to form the object to be painted.

The painting technique is carried out specifically on walls that are still wet, so the results will blend with the architect’s design.

The spray technique is a way of painting by spraying liquid paint using a sprayer.

To paint with this technique, you have to be careful with each painting point.

An example of a painting from a spray technique is a billboard image.

The Dussel technique is a drawing technique by rubbing, so it creates a dark, light or thick impression

The tools used in the Dussel technique are pencils, crayons, and contests.

Happy learning and hopefully it can help

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