The Term of Shot in a Complete Film with Pictures – My Duration

The term Shot is the main thing in making a video or film. Most good shots have been conceptualized from scratch as needed. This time will discuss a list of shot terms that you should know and understand starting from Angle kamera, rules of framingas well as shot types. next here is the list term shot in film / videos you should recognize.

Angle Kamera

Angle in the world of photography, namely photo shoot angle who put the position Camera under certain conditions in aiming at the object. This angle will produce different photos. If one object is more interesting when photographed from a low angle, it is not certain that it will be interesting when photographed from another angle.

Various Camera Angles

There are 5 camera angles or photo angles that are often used by photographers, including:

  1. High Kamera Angle
  2. Low Kamera Angle
  3. Normal Kamera Angle (Eye level)
  4. Bird Eye View
  5. Over Shoulder

Aturan Framing

Framing rules are divided into 4 parts, including:

Rule Of Third

Example image Rule Of Third
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The concept of framing where 1 frame is divided into 9 parts then the subject is placed on a horizontal / vertical line on the selected frame element (one of the 9 parts).

One poin Perspective

One point Perspective image example
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The subject is placed in the center of the frame.

Head Room

The distance between the topmost point and the top of the frame.

Looking / Leading Room

The empty room between the subject’s eyes and the edge of the cross frame. most of this frame composition is used to ensure the next frame with empty room in the frame.

Shot size type

There are 13 types of Shot Sizes, among others:

Extreme Wide Shot (EWS)

Wide Angle Shot Is

The subject appears very far from the frame. most are also used as established shots and used when shooting exterior.

Extreme Long Shot is also known as Extra Long Shot or Very Long Shot which is a way of taking pictures covering a very wide area with the meaning of including the subject and the situation around the main subject into the frame.

When using this shooting method, it is recommended that you look for a composition that blends between the main subject and the environmental conditions around the subject. As a result, overall everything in the picture looks like an interesting and relevant unit.

Very Wide Shot (VWS)

Example image of Very Wide Shot (VWS)

In this shot, the subject is still visible, but the surrounding area is more prominent and can be used for exterior or interior shooting. Most show where, when, and little information about who.

In a very wide shot, the camera is set further away from the character or subject in the film than in a wide shot, but not so far away that the viewer cannot see who the character is.

In a very wide shot, the character or subject is only visible in the scene in the movie environment or setting. The extremely wide shot helps viewers adjust to the film’s setting and how the characters fit within it.

A great example of this comes from world war 2 movieDunkirk” during aerial combat scenes between the Allies and the Axis Powers. Wide shot, in this case, was needed to establish context for the audience so they could have full coverage of the aircraft fighting over the coast.

Wide / Long Shot

Shot Term in Film: Wide / Long Shot

All subject/character bodies are included in the frame. Most provide more detailed information about where, when, and who (gender, dress, activity).

In this shot model, shooting only uses an area that is just right to show the whole body of the subject without being cut off by the frame.

This shot model only highlights and prioritizes the main subject and intends to highlight the subject with expressions and interactions without any body parts being cut off.

Medium Shot (MS)

Istilah shot:Medium Shot (MS)
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Shows some components of the subject (from head to waist). This type of shot is intended to highlight the body language details of the subject’s facial expressions.

Medium Close Up (MCU)

The only part that is included in the frame is from the head to the chest.

This type of shot will take an even narrower area than the standard close up type above. Area boundaries are slightly below the chin to above the forehead (head limit). Basically, the purpose of this method is similar to the close-up model above, only that it emphasizes more on the expression and facial expression of a person.

You can use a lens with a larger opening to give a more detailed effect on the face or facial skin. Strive for the image to be as focused as possible on the part that becomes Point of interestnya (PoI) for example in the eye that looks very clear, you can use a narrow DoF by using a wide opening, for example 1.8 or 2.

Close Up (CU)

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This shot shows a detailed part of the face, mostly taken from the head to the shoulders.

The goal is to tell in detail the expressions and expressions of a person’s face. Therefore, the close-up method is often used to photograph people smiling, wailing, or contemplating. And what is trending this time is used to show someone’s facial wrinkles to make it look more dramatic.

Extreme Close Up (ECU)

Istilah Shot dalam Film: Extreme Close Up (ECU)

Displays the details of an object at a very close distance (eyes, nose, mouth, fingers). Mostly used to show the main item / activity to the viewer.

Cut In

Contoh shot Cut in
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Shows other details of the subject.

Cut-In is a type of shot that is taken exclusively by showing some part of the subject in detail.

It is mostly used to emphasize the subject’s emotions, such as movement of hands, feet, or something else so that it can show enthusiasm, agitation, confusion, or whatever the subject is experiencing.


Cutaway is another shot besides the subject, mostly used as a transition.


In one shot there are two subjects interacting with each other.

Two shot is a type of photographic shot with the taking of pictures of two subjects. This type will be more interesting when the two subjects interact with each other because it will attract attention.

The pre-wedding header photo is definitely the one that uses this type of shot the most. Usually using the interaction of two couples of the bride and groom. The photographer must create a romantic feel in the frame.

Over Shoulder Shot (OSS / OTS)

Jenis shot film Over Shoulder Shot
Over Shoulder Shot

Shot taken from behind the shoulder of a rival.

Over Shoulder Shot it is framed from behind the person viewing the subject. The person facing the subject should normally occupy about 1/3 of the frame.

These shots help establish everyone’s position, and get a feel for looking at one person from another’s point of view.

This shot can also be varied slightly to include the shoulder or back of the person facing the subject.

Reverse Shot

Reply shot from the previous shot. as in the previous shot, character A is still discussing with character B. A reverse shot is taken to take the reaction of his main rival, namely character B.

Point Of View (POV)

Shot taken from the perspective of the subject.

That is it Shot terms in the film complete with pictures, Hopefully the description above can be an inspiration for you, thank you.

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